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Korean Scholars Propose a National One Health Promotion Plan

October 30, 2019

Professor Moran Ki, MD

By Moran Ki, MD, MPH, PhD

September 25, 2019 – Dr. Moran Ki, Professor at the Korean National Cancer Center Graduate School’s Department of Cancer Control and Population Health and Editor-in-Chief of the journal Epidemiology and Health, presented the concept of One Health at the 2019 Pest Summit organized by the Federation of Asian and Oceania Pest Managers’ Association in Daejeon, South Korea. Supported by the Ministry of Health and Welfare, Dr. Ki proposed several strategies for multi-ministerial cooperation to a healthy and safe society for all. This new approach, referred to as “Korea’s One Health Plus plan”, aims to incorporate health goals throughout policy and health security initiatives.

To this end, several priority areas were identified:

  1. Creating effective crisis response and preparedness for emerging infectious diseases through the reinforcement of a multi-ministry consultative organization.
  2. Establishing a multi-ministerial ‘Integrated Health Risk Information System’ that harnesses big data links and encourages information sharing.
  3. Decentralizing policies and promoting cooperation through the formation of a ‘Health and Safety Committee’ under the Prime Minister. This high level Committee would coordinate activities across varous ministries of the Korean government to ensure binding on internally agreed decision-making and enforcement.
  4. Establishing a ‘Health and Disease Policy Evaluation Institute (HePI)’, with the aim to proactively propose policy in response to increasing health issues such as environmental pollution, medical and living radioactivity, climate change, zoonoses, new infectious diseases, unknown diseases, and major disasters. Dr. Ki suggested that in order to carry out effective impact evaluations on policies affecting health and disease, this government-funded policy research institute must be placed under the Prime Minister, rather than the Ministry of Health and Welfare.
  5. Envisioning One Health integration as the primary policy basis for national health management in creating laws and systems, governance, education, and self-administration.

Dr. Ki predicts that if these One Health Plus strategies are effectively introduced, the concerns  regarding South Korea’s government responses to critical health problems in the environment, animal, and public health sectors can be overcome. the plan will have the additional benefit of reducing social and economic losses and creating a healthy and safe society for South Korea.

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